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Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are used to provide additional information and/or statutory guidance not found in State Medicaid Director Letters, State Health Official Letters, or CMCS Informational Bulletins. The different sets of FAQs as originally released can be accessed below.Frequently Asked Questions are used to provide additional information and/or statutory guidance not found in State Medicaid Director Letters, State Health Official Letters, or CMCS Informational Bulletins. The different sets of FAQs as originally released can be accessed below.

FAQ Library

Showing 1 to 10 of 25 results

How does this durable medical equipment (DME) limit on federal financial participation (FFP) affect those states that are 90% managed care?

As we explained in the January 4, 2018 letter, only those items provided in the Medicaid program on a fee-for-service (FFS) basis are to be included in the aggregate expenditure calculation. DME reimbursed under a Medicaid managed care arrangement or a Medicaid competitive bidding contract are not subject to the FFP limitation. If a state is 90% managed care the state would only have to show compliance or a demonstration with the 10% of FFS utilization and expenditures for the relevant DME items.

FAQ ID:93531

Do the managed care organizations (MCOs), who are contracted to provide services to our Medicaid clients, have to comply with the durable medical equipment (DME) limit on federal financial participation (FFP)?

So long as the MCOs are not paid on a fee-for-service (FFS) basis, MCOs are not covered under this statute or subject to the limit on FFP. Only the relevant DME items provided in FFS are included in this limit.

FAQ ID:93536

Are states that provide durable medical equipment (DME) through a managed care arrangement required to submit the reconciliation data?

Only those items provided in the Medicaid program on a fee-for-service basis are to be included in the aggregate expenditure calculation. DME reimbursed under a Medicaid managed care arrangement or a Medicaid competitive bidding contract are not subject to the federal financial participation limitation.

FAQ ID:93541

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services is saying this durable medical equipment (DME) limit on federal financial participation is applicable only to fee for service (FFS). How about the Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) waiver programs?

If the HCBS waiver includes FFS payments for DME, the state’s expenditures for DME would be subject to the limit.

FAQ ID:93546

What is MAGI and how is it different than the way states calculate eligibility today?

It's a new, simpler way to determine eligibility for Medicaid and CHIP.

The Affordable Care Act provides new simplified method for calculating income eligibility for Medicaid, CHIP and financial assistance available through the health insurance Marketplace. This new method calculates eligibility for all programs based on what is called modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). By using one set of income eligibility rules across all insurance affordability programs, the new law makes it easier for people to apply for health coverage through one application and enroll in the appropriate program. MAGI will replace the current process for calculating Medicaid eligibility that is in place today, which uses income deductions (known as "disregards") that are different in each state and often differ by eligibility group.

FAQ ID:92461

Will these new MAGI rules apply to all people applying for Medicaid?

The new rules apply to most people who are eligible for Medicaid and Chip, but not the elderly or people who qualify based on a disability.

For coverage effective January 2014, MAGI will be the basis for determining both Medicaid and CHIP eligibility for children, pregnant women, parents and the adults enrolled under the new adult eligibility group created by the ACA (in states that adopt that eligibility group.) Individuals age 65 and older and those who qualify for Medicaid based on disability are not affected by the new rules.

FAQ ID:92466

If a state is not expanding Medicaid in 2014, does it still use MAGI rules?

Yes. A state's decision whether or not to extend Medicaid coverage for low-income adults in 2014 is not related to the use of MAGI. MAGI rules simplify the eligibility rules and promote coordination between Medicaid and CHIP and coverage available through the Marketplace; coordination will be important for consumers in all states regardless of a state's decision on Medicaid eligibility for low-income adults.

FAQ ID:92471

Why are the new MAGI income standards higher than the old ones (even when there is no eligibility expansion)?

The eligibility standards (where there's been no expansion) are not any higher than the old standards; they are expressed in a different way (gross versus net).

In the past, Medicaid and CHIP eligibility used a combination of an income eligibility standard--often expressed as a percentage of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL)--and a series of deductions (known as "disregards" that were like footnotes or 'below the line' adjustments to income and were determined by each state. The new way of calculating eligibility based on MAGI translates that two-part process into a one step process using an income standard that incorporates the 'below the line' deductions. This makes the new standard appear higher than the old one (e.g. from 185% of the FPL to 193% of the FPL for pregnant women). In effect, however, the new income standard represents what the state's old two-step process would have resulted in, just expressed in a different way.

FAQ ID:92476

Do the MAGI changes mean more people will be eligible for Medicaid (even when there is no eligibility expansion)?

No, overall the new methodology does not change the number of people eligible for Medicaid. The MAGI-based standard will result in approximately the same number of people being eligible under the new standard as would have been eligible under the old standard. However, there may be some differences in which people will qualify--or not qualify--depending on how they might have fared under the old system (with deductions and disregards).

FAQ ID:92481

Can you give an example of how the old rule worked, prior to MAGI?

Before MAGI, if a state's income limit was 100% of the FPL--the state would first look at the person's gross income, then subtract out (for example) 30% of their earned income and an amount they spend on childcare as work-related expense deductions and then compare that net income to 100% of the FPL. This means that under the pre-MAGI rules, in a state with an income eligibility limit of 100% of the FPL, a person with income over 100% of the FPL can qualify for Medicaid (because of the deductions and disregards).

FAQ ID:92486

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