- Overview of Eligibility for Non-Citizens in Medicaid and CHIP
- Lawfully Residing Children and Pregnant Women Eligible for Medicaid and CHIP, National Immigration Law Center
- Facts About Federal Funding for States to Provide Health Coverage to Immigrant Children and Pregnant Women, National Immigration Law Center
- New Option for States to Provide Federally Funded Medicaid and CHIP Coverage to Additional Immigrant Children and Pregnant Women, Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured
The Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA) included a new option for states to provide Medicaid and CHIP coverage to children and pregnant individuals who are lawfully residing in the United States, including those within their first five years of having certain legal status. Previously, federal law required a 5-year waiting period before many legal immigrants were permitted to enroll in Medicaid and CHIP, although many states offered health coverage to these populations with state-only funds. This coverage may be applied to pregnant individuals in Medicaid and CHIP and/or to children up to age 19 for CHIP or up to age 21 for Medicaid who would otherwise be eligible for coverage through these programs.
Learn more about providing health coverage to lawfully residing children and pregnant women.
States providing Medicaid or CHIP coverage to lawfully residing children and/or pregnant individuals include:
|American Samoa***||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Arkansas||Children||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|California||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Colorado||Children and pregnant individuals||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|Connecticut||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)***||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|Washington, D.C.***||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Delaware||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Hawaii***||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|Kentucky||Children and pregnant individuals||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|Maine||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Maryland***||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Massachusetts||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Minnesota||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Nebraska||Children||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|New Jersey||Children and pregnant individuals||Children and pregnant individuals|
|New Mexico***||Children and pregnant individuals|
|New York||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Nevada||Children||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|North Carolina||Children||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|Ohio***||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Pennsylvania||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Rhode Island||Children and pregnant individuals||Children*|
|South Carolina***||Children and pregnant individuals|
|U.S. Virgin Islands***||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Vermont***||Children and pregnant individuals|
|Virginia**||Children and pregnant individuals||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|Washington||Children||Children and pregnant individuals|
|West Virginia||Children and pregnant individuals||Children and pregnant individuals*|
|Wisconsin||Children||Children and pregnant individuals*|
Updated as of May 4, 2023.
* These states cover children in Medicaid up to age 19.
** Virginia is using an 1115 demonstration to cover pregnant individuals.
*** These states are CHIP Medicaid expansion programs.